461-160-0430    Effective 10/01/23
Income Deductions; SNAP

In the SNAP program:

  1. Deductions from income are subtracted from countable (see OAR 461-001-0000) income (see OAR 461-140-0010) in the following order to determine adjusted income (see OAR 461-001-0000) for the SNAP program:

    1. An earned income deduction as follows:

      1. An earned income deduction of 20 percent of countable earned income. Multiply the total countable earned income by 20 percent and subtract that amount from the countable income. The 20 percent deduction is not taken from the wages funded by grant diversions such as Work Supplementation wages.
      2. Effective January 19, 2023, an earned income deduction of 20 percent of the earned income excluded due to payment of court ordered child support (see OAR 461-140-0265). For individuals who qualify for this exclusion, multiply the excluded earned income used to pay child support by 20 percent and deduct that amount from the countable income.
    2. A standard deduction of:

      1. $198 per month for a benefit group (see OAR 461-110-0750) of one, two, or three individuals.

      2. $208 per month for a benefit group of four individuals.

      3. $244 per month for a benefit group of five individuals.

      4. $279 per month for a benefit group of six or more individuals.

    3. A dependent care deduction for dependent care costs billed to a member of the filing group (see OAR 461-110-0370) and not paid for through any other program of the Department. For the cost to be deductible under this section, the care must be necessary to enable a member of the filing group to--

      1. Accept or continue employment;

      2. Seek employment, including a job search that meets the requirements of a case plan (see OAR 461-001-0020); or

      3. Attend vocational or educational training. A student receiving educational income is entitled to a deduction only for costs not excluded from educational income by OAR 461-145-0150.

    4. The medical deduction for elderly (see OAR 461-001-0015) individuals and individuals who have a disability (see OAR 461-001-0015) in the filing group. The deduction is calculated by determining the total of their deductible medical costs (see OAR 461-160-0415) and subtracting $35.  The Department uses the resulting amount to determine the allowable deduction as follows:

      1. For an amount less than $0, no deduction is allowed.

      2. For an amount greater than $0 but less than $170.01, a deduction of $170 is allowed.

      3. For an amount greater than $170, a deduction of the amount determined under this subsection is allowed.

    5. An Excess Shelter Deduction or Homeless Shelter Deduction is calculated if the filing group has an allowable shelter cost under OAR 461-160-0420.

      1. If the group is eligible for both deductions listed in subsections (B) and (C) of this section, they will receive the higher of the two.

      2. Excess Shelter Deduction is calculated as follows:

        1. The standard deduction and the deductions of earned income, dependent care, and medical expenses are subtracted from countable income.

        2. Fifty percent of the remainder is subtracted from the shelter cost calculated in accordance with OAR 461-160-0420.

        3. The rounded balance is the deduction, except the deduction is limited if the filing group has no member who has a disability or is elderly. The limit is $672 per month.

      3. The Homeless Shelter Deduction is $179.66 for a filing group experiencing homelessness whose living circumstances meet the definition of homeless (see OAR 461-001-0015).

  2. If an individual cannot verify a medical expense or cannot verify any other expense when asked to do so, the unverified expense is not used to calculate the deduction. If the individual provides verification, the deduction is applied when calculating the next month's benefits. If verification is provided within the period authorized for processing applications (see OAR 461-115-0210), the benefits for the initial month (see OAR 461-001-0000) are recalculated using the deduction.

Statutory/Other Authority: ORS 409.050, 411.060, 411.070, 411.816
Statutes/Other Implemented: ORS 409.010, 409.050, 411.060, 411.070, 411.816, 411.825, 411.837, 7 CFR 273.5, 7 CFR 273.9, 7 CFR 273.10, 7 CFR 273.11

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